Nipple

The nipple is located at the apex of the breast and over the space between the fourth and fifth ribs in men. In both sexes it is an erogenous area in that stimulation of the nipple is sexually stimulating, but in men it serves no other purpose. It contains numerous small…

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Cracked Nipple

What causes cracked nipples? A common complaint, especially in breastfeeding first-time mothers, is a cracked nipple. It usually starts a few days after the baby starts feeding and can be excruciatingly painful. Preparing the nipples for breastfeeding should lessen the likelihood of this problem. If a crack does appear, soothing…

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Nipple Discharge

What is nipple discharge? The nipple of the breast will obviously discharge milk in a woman who is breastfeeding, and will often leak milk between feeds, particularly when the breast is engorged with milk some hours after a feed. At other times a discharge will indicate some medical problem. What causes…

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Nipple Inverted

What causes inverted nipples? Some women have a flat or inverted nipple. The nipple is also inverted if it retreats when the woman tries to express milk by hand. If a woman intends to breastfeed, the doctor will examine the breasts during an antenatal visit, and if the nipples are…

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Nipple Pigmentation

Increased pigmentation of the areola (dark area around the nipple) is a form of chloasma (facial skin pigmentation) and is a sign of past or present pregnancy or hormone therapy (eg. contraceptive pill). It may also be an inherited or racial characteristic. Girls often have some degree of darkening of…

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Nipple Shield

A nipple shield is made from soft moulded latex. It is a shallow dish shape, has a tab handle on one edge and a hole in the centre through which the nipple partly protrudes. It allows a baby to continue feeding from a cracked or sore nipple.

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Nipple Itch

Itchy nipples are a relatively common problem. Women with small breasts may go without a bra and their nipples are irritated by clothing moving across them, or a loose fitting bra may constantly move across the nipple irritating it. Other causes include synthetic materials in a bra, allergies to soaps,…

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Nipple Pain

A painful nipple may be caused by injury to the nipple while breastfeeding, repetitive rubbing of the nipple on a loose bra (particularly in small breasted women), and a bacterial or fungal infection of the nipple. Less commonly it may be due to dermatitis involving the nipple or Paget’s disease…

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Needle Biopsy

What is Needle Biopsy? It may be necessary to take a sample (biopsy) from an organ or tissue that is not easily accessible (eg. liver, breast lump). In order to avoid major surgery, the biopsy may be taken using a specially designed needle with a solid thin rod (trocar) down the…

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Nandrolone

Nandrolone decanoate is an anabolic steroid used as an injection to treat kidney failure, inoperable breast cancer, severe osteoporosis, aplastic anaemia, suppression of white cells, and to prevent side effects in patients using corticosteroids long term. It is also used dangerously, and in an unapproved manner, by body builders and…

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