Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (AIS) – Insensitivity to own Male Hormone

What is Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome? Androgen (male hormone) Insensitivity Syndrome (AIS) is an inherited genetic intersex problem that affects about one in every 20,000 people. It has also been called male hormone insensitivity syndrome, Reifenstein syndrome, Rosewater syndrome, Lub syndrome and Goldberg-Maxwell syndrome. Symptoms of Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome: Those affected have normal…

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Acute Lymphatic Leukaemia (Blood Cancer)- Treatment

Acute lymphatic leukaemia treatment will continue intermittently or continuously for some years, and a wide range of drugs are used, including cytotoxics and immunosupressants, all of which have significant side effects. Constant monitoring and testing of the patient is required. Other treatments include blood transfusions, radiotherapy, spinal injections and bone…

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Acute Myeloid Leukaemia

Acute myeloid leukaemia  (AML) is cancer of one type of white blood cell, and is normally a disease of the elderly but may also occur in children and young adults. The symptoms of Acute myeloid leukaemia include tiredness, recurrent infections, bruising, nose bleeds, bleeding from the gums and joints, and…

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Allergic Conjunctivitis – Dust in the eyes

Avoid dust going into your eyes when it is windy Allergic (vernal or atopic) conjunctivitis (conjuctiva=outlining membrane of an eye, itis=inflammation) is an allergy (over reaction to something) reaction involving the surface of the eye. If a pollen, dust or other substance to which a person is allergic lands on…

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Arteriosclerosis – Hardening of the arteries

Arteriosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, is a degeneration of the arteries in the body, making them hard and inelastic. It is usually associated with atherosclerosis, which is the excessive deposition of hard fatty plaques (patches ) and nodules (small deposits)  within the artery and its wall. It usually occurs…

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Amenorrhoea – Early stoppage of monthly bleeding in women

What is Amenorrhoea ? Amenorrhoea is a symptom that describes the cessation of menstrual periods for any reason from pregnancy to stress and menopause. The term applies in two conditions: primary and secondary amenorrhoea. What is Primary Amenorrhoea? Primary amenorrhoea describes someone who has never had a menstrual period. This is the…

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Atrophic Vaginitis

Narrowing and loss of elasticity in vagina Atrophic vaginitis is a lack of vaginal moisture and lubrication. It is also commonly known as postmenopausal or senile vaginitis. The vagina is kept moist by the production of mucus from glands in and around it, that become more active during sexual stimulation. …

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Anxiety – Big worry

What is anxiety disorder? Anxiety may be natural or unnatural. Natural anxiety is the type we all experience while expecting or experiencing a stressful event (e.g. exam, job interview, dangerous journey), and may be eased by counselling, distraction (doing something else) or as a last resort using medication. There are…

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